©Crockett Grabbe 2016 - All Rights Reserved

Witnesses to What Happened in 9/11 at the WTC

(From Anatomy of Mass Murders: Expanded Edition, published online July, 2016)

1. Eyewitness Experiences

Firefighters, policeman, emergency medical workers and many other survivors witnessed the events in the 100's or even 1000's on the fateful day of Sept. 11, 2001 in Manhattan. NYC lost 343 firefighters who perished at the WTC. Chapter 1 of my previous book National Swindle of the WTC describes the massive release on August 12, 2005, inside the New York Times, of testimony in intimate detail of over 500 firefighters, medical workers, & police of the horrific events they observed. As explicitly described in that book there were many observations strongly suggesting controlled demolition. Those involved both flashes and explosions inside each Tower heard and seen by many witnesses just before each building started to collapse. As Captain Karin deShore of Battalion 46 stated "as far as I could see popping sounds & the explosions were getting bigger going both up and down and then all around the building."[1,2,3,4]

Firefighter Louis Cacchiole, one of the 1st fighters entering the South Tower, told People Weekly on Sept. 24 "I was taking firefighters up... to the 24th floor to... evacuate workers." On the last trip he & another firefighter "heard a huge explosion that sounded like a bomb [and] knocked out the lights and stalled the elevator." After prying themselves out of the elevator "another huge explosion like the first one hits... abut 2 minutes later... [and] I'm thinking 'Oh my God, these bastards put bombs in here like they did in 1993!"[3,5]

In the collapses of the Twin Towers with many 100's of witnesses reporting explosive blasts at the Towers, several examples of live descriptions at the scene are recorded on tape and described below.

Teresa Veliz worked for a software development company on the 47th floor of the North Tower when Flight 11 hit. She stated "The whole building shook... [Shortly] this time the building shook again, even more violently." Then, trying to make her way downstairs, "There were explosions going off everywhere. I was convinced that there were bombs planted all over the place and someone was sitting at a control panel pushing detonator buttons... There was another explosion. And another. I didn't know where to run."[3,4]

Firemen observations to the news media: "There was another explosion going off inside the building.... He thinks it was probably planted inside the building. The news media reported a 2nd explosion was heard in the same building at the lower level." "Chief of Safety for NYC Fire Dept Chief Albert Turrey received word of a 2nd bomb going off inside the building. He tried getting his men out as quickly as he could... He thinks there were devices actually planted in the building."[4]

Firefighter Richard Banaciski reported "[T]here was just an explosion [in the South Tower]. It seemed like on TV [when] they blow up these buildings. It seemed like it was going all the way around like a belt, all these explosions." A ring of explosions was also described by Deputy Commissioner Thomas Fitzpatrick: "My initial reaction was this was exactly the way it looks when they show you all those implosions on TV."[3]

An eyewitness whose office is near the WTC told the press that he was in a crowd on Church St., about 2.5 blocks from South Tower, when he saw about 6 "brief light sources being emitted inside the building between floors 10 & 15" accompanied by a "crackling sound" before the Tower collapsed. Jenny Carr was attending a business meeting at One Liberty Plaza across the street from the WTC, and caught the entire ST collapse on audiotape. It shows a 2nd explosion about 9 seconds after the collapse. Shortly afterward the news media made this observation on 9/11 as the North Tower collapsed: "Almost looks like one of those planned implosions, as if a demolition team set [it] off... it folded down by itself, and is not there anymore " "As anybody who has watched a building set off on purpose knows, if you are going to do this you have to get at the understructure of the building and bring it down."[4]

Mark Loizeaux, the President of Controlled Demolition Inc., said hot spots of molten steel 70 feet below the surface were discovered more than 1 month after the collapse. These were found near the bottom of the elevator shafts of the Twin Towers down over 7 basement levels. He said molten steel was also found in 7 WTC. The molten steel was close to 3000° F. The "Hidden Secrets" video tape claims Controlled Demolition, Inc was the only group given unfettered access to the the WTC site on 9/11.[4]

Firefighters reached the ST crash zone on the 78th floor before the building collapsed, but the tape of the communication was held up by the NY Port Authority for almost a year before it was released. The tape reports an eyewitness to explosions on floors 7 & 8. Then Battalion 3 reported another explosion. Numerous people were reported covered with dust because of the 2nd explosion. Then another explosions was reporter on floors 10 thru 13. Then the major explosion and complete collapse of the ST surrounding the entire area was reported. Chief Palmer had reached the 78th floor and reported 2 isolated pockets of fire, & devised a plan to put them out. He said that he could not have gotten there that if there were raging fires there as the NIST 2005 Final Report on the Collapse of the WTC Towers claims.[6,7]

As described in National Swindle of the WTC Willie Rodriquez, janitor of the North Tower, heard 1st a loud boom at the basement level near where he was before the plane struck it, then a subsequent blast coming from the top which was the plane hitting the Tower. He describes "a man comes running into the office yelling 'explosion...' & all the skin was pulled from under his arm... hanging from both arms... missing from his face. I said 'What happened' & he said 'the elevators, the elevators'..." Explosions coming from the basement & sub-basements in the North Tower were corroborated by Jose Sanchez & Engineer Mike Pecoraro. Willie Rodriquez said he heard many explosions before barely escaping from the Tower avalanche coming down by diving under a fire truck and being buried. He has never received a satisfactory explanation of the events.[1,2,3,4]

Willie Rodriquez, Firefighter Louis Cacchioli and other testified on their experiences before the 9/11 Comission. However, the 911 Comission never recorded any of their testimony in any publication. Louis Cachiole reported they were unreceptive, saying "I felt like I was being put on trial in a court room. They were trying to twist my words and make the story fit only what they wanted to hear. All I wanted to do was tell the truth and when they wouldn't let me do that, I walked out." Willie Rodriquez, who was invited to the White House as a National Hero for his rescue efforts, said "I met with the 9/11 Comission behind closed doors and they essentially discounted everything I said regarding the use of explosives to bring down the North Tower."[3]

MacQueen further examined the 31 witnesses to explosions in the FDNY's oral histories Griffin addressed for their scientific reliability. He concluded that in fact they were only a subset of much larger body of witness, which he estimated to be 118. None of the testimonies of these witnesses were recorded because none of them could be contorted into one backing up the 911 comission's conclusions. Also, none of them supported the conclusions of the subsequent Final Report on the Collapse of the WTC Towers released by the NIST Committee in 2005.[7,8]

Willie Rodriquez made an effort to get his testimony in to the NIST Committee because it had been ignored by the 911 Comission. He stated "I contacted NIST... 4 times without a response, Finally, [at a public hearing] I asked them before they came up with their conclusion... if they ever considered my statements or the statements of any other survivors who heard the explosions. They just stared at me with blank faces."[3]

Clearly no consideration of the testimony of witnesses were given for NIST's conclusions any more than it was for the 911 Commission Report. Not one of the 118 witnesses was ever quoted. As MacQueen states in his conclusions "The implications of this for our understanding of September 11, 2001 are very, very serious."[8] Indeed!

The stark evidence shows both the 911 Commission & the NIST Committee had no interest in truth. They apparently just wanted to show the planes started fires which brought the buildings down, in contrast to the facts.

A news interview is shown from the Naudet Brothers Documentary with multiple FDNY firefighters on 9/11 who were in the buildings & observed events. 2 firemen described successive explosions going down floor by floor in the Towers, "as if they were planning to take down the building" one said and the other one stated "All the way down. I was watching it and running, and then you just saw this cloud of shit chasing you." One fireman said "I heard a loud boom when I was right at the desk when you come into Tower 1 [North Tower]. I walked out. Then I saw the shadow of it coming down on the building across the street." Another said "I wasn't expecting to see the damage I saw in the lobby, and the burnt people, the injured people -- I really wasn't prepared for that." A 3rd said "I think it was about 6:30, and the lobby looked as though a bomb had exploded there...." and a 4th said "I run around by the freight elevator & I could see it was just blown.... The 30th floor, I hear another explosion... a huge explosion."[3,4,9]

Several of the firefighters, led by Firefighters Michael Bellone and retired Firefighter Robert Barrett, put some of their experiences at Ground Zero of the WTC on 9/11 in the book by Gail Swanson. In the account by Firefighter Nicholas DeMasi he states: "At one point I was assigned to take Federal Agents around the site to search for black boxes from the planes. There were a total of 4. We found 3."[4,10]

This firefighter's statement contradicts the official story that the black boxes for the planes that struck the WTCs were never found and suggestions spread that they were "vaporized", as was previously described in Chapter 1. However, the found boxes may in fact been quickly classified for "security" reasons, so their presence would never have been revealed to the public. They could not have been vaporized (that would require temperatures of 5000° F). Are black boxes from the planes still around, hidden in some classified area? What do they show?

Could the NIST Committee, despite totally omitting mention of over 100 witnesses who heard explosions & so testified behind closed doors, have come up correct conclusions in their Final Report on the Collapse of the WTC Towers? Not according to MacQueen & Szambotti, who present a thorough refutation of the NIST collapse hypothesis for the North Tower. They conclude there was no "jolt" necessary to produce the amplified load needed to collapse the lower bulk of the building which was untouched by fire.[11] The North Tower could not have collapsed from fires as so reported. Their conclusions are dead wrong.

2. Further Observations on the Facts of the Collapses

Author David Griffin goes into how the testimonies strongly suggest controlled demolition. Multiple people heard explosions before each Tower started coming down. Shaking of the ground was observed before each collapse, and multiple explosions and "pops" were heard, often in sequence, with the collapse beginning below the strike zone and fire. Observations were also made of implosiuns, flashes, demolition rings, horizontal ejections, massive dust clouds. and clear timing or synchronicity between the explosions. He points out that the reason the explosions had not been public knowledge was the Final Report of the 911 Commission makes no mention of any of these reports of explosions, a large number of which did not appear in the news until these 100s of oral histories were released.[2,3] Both the 911 Commission & the NIST Committee suppressed the testimony they received in their Reports. But they also ignored other clear observations.

2.1. Former director for Environmental Health Laboratories

Kevin Ryan is a chemist who was the laboratory director for Envoronmental Health Laboratories, a subsidiary of Underwriter's Laboratory (UL), the company that certified the steel used in the World Trade Center construction. He pointed out in a letter to NIST (on November 11, 2004) that 2000° F heat could not melt steel, so clearly airplane fuel did not cause the buildings to collapse. The complete letter he sent to Frank Gayle of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in which he addresses contradictions of the facts in NIST claims, has been appended to this chapter. He describes how the story does not add up, pointing out that "If steel from those buildings did soften or melt, I'm sure we can all agree that was not due to jet fires of any kind, let alone the briefly burning fires in those towers."[12]

Kevin Ryan was fired from Underwriter's Laboratory for his statements in that letter a few days later, on November 22, 2004. They apparently felt he should have kept the facts to himself rather than expose the truth.[13]

In a June 4, 2006 lecture at a Chicago 9/11 Conference Kevin Ryan went into some detail on the flaws in the both FEMA Report and the 2005 NIST Final Report on the Collapse of the Towers. He pointed in the 5 areas in which the NIST Committee investigated:[14]

1) Reviewing documents: The documents on the early tests by UL, verifying the steel soundness & proper coating for fire resistance at the time the WTC buildings were built, as well documents on the fire resistance analysis for the columns and floors, were missing. From these documents Engineering News-Record said in 1964 that the Towers would have an inherent capacity to resist unforeseen calamities, that live loads on individual columns could be increased by 2000% before failure occurs, and that cutting away the 1st-story columns on one side of the building would not hinder its ability to withstand design live loads and high winds.

2) Interviewing Eyewitnesses: The NIST Committee only made contact with any eyewitnesses when they were finally allowed access to the original interviews of eyewitnesses made by the City of New York in December, 2003. However, they could only be done in NYC offices with closed doors, with no notes or recordings ever kept or even allowed.

3) Analyzing the Steel: 236 samples of the steel was saved for fire testing before the rest was discarded. They concluded from the tests that less than 2% reached 480° F and none of the samples reached 1112° F (600° C, at which steel goes down to half its tensile strength). However they added in the Final Report that "none of the samples were from zones where [high] heating was predicted." If 236 samples were carefully selected, then why?

4) UL Floor Tests: Rigorous tests showed "this type of assembly was capable of sustaining a large gravity load, without collapsing, for a substantial period of time relative to any given location on 9/11". However, after the tests they said "the Investigation Team was cautious about using these results directly in the formulation of a collapse hypothesis."

5) Compter Simulations: Input parameters could be tweaked, so "realistic" parameters were tossed in favor of "more severe" parameters, & animations generated (but not publicly released) to "compare with observed events". Ultimately they tinkered with the parameters till they found a case that collapsed, & concluded that described what happened.

Ryan concluded that NIST's investigative practices were deceptive and unscientific. Documents needed were missing, the eyewitnesses to demolition were ignored, the physical tests that disproved pre-determined conclusions substantially ignored, & the entire theory is built on fudged, inaccessible computer simulations.[14]

An additional reason the NIST investigations Ryan discussed were so incredibly unscientific is that the NIST Committee never investigated the observations leading up to the collapses! Any theory can only be scientifically tested for its validity by comparing the theoretical predictions with the observations, & that was never done. They produced a sleazy, untested theory on the planes & the fires causing the Towers to collapse, using unscientific methods.

2.2. Seismic Data

The seismic data on the collapses of 9/11 refutes the official explanation. The evidence is that magnitude 2.3 & 2.1 tremors observed just before the collapses were triggered by large explosions shaking the ground. Several witnesses reported the same. The falls themselves did not significantly shake the ground, and underground explosions would have had to caused them.[16,17]

Pools of molten steel were found at the base of the collapsed Towers, and it was thought early on that the energy of these unusual seismic spikes might have produced it. However, it was established years later that explosives including nano-thermite did.[18] This despite the fact that none of the many reports put out by the NIST Committee mentions nano-thermite or even acknowledges explosions brought the buildings down. Yet the NIST organiztion as a whole exhibits a number of connections with nano-thermite, & has experts on explosives.[19] Not mentioning them in their many reports was clearly deceptive.

2.3. Explosion Residues

The clear evidence is that the buildings exploded on 9/11. Fig. 1 shows a 40 to 50 foot beam (apparently metallic) that emerges out the side of the North Tower as the Tower collapsed. Only an explosion could have kicked this out of Tower.

Figure 1. A 40 foot beam emerged from the North Tower. After emerging, it tumbled down well ahead of the descending dust cloud with the North Tower collapse. [20]

A few days after 9/11, Espiscopal Priest Frank Morales was asked to journey through the militarized checkpoints set up immediately after the explosions, and perform last rites for the dead, most of whom were scattered in the form of many smaller body parts. In an encounter Morales had with a fireman in this trek, the fireman made him aware that the soil was rich and moist, enriched with the "ground-up" bodies of the dead (blown into microscopic pieces). Shortly afterward the fireman said "You wanna know something. Bush and bin Laden have the same banker." Hours later, Morales finally discovered an intact body.[21]

Dr. Ralph Speken. psychiatrist in New York City who treated many victims from the WTC devastation, stated regarding public meetings that Morales organized weekly meetings on 9/11 that were held at St. Mark's Church: "Father Frank Morales said that just after 9/11 he was struck by the fact that for many, many blocks away from the Towers, he would see multiple objects hanging on the sides of buildings, such as on fire escapes, window ledges, 'plastered' items against the walls, and on the street. These items would include various pieces of clothing, such as shirts, pants, dresses, as well as books, papers, items of furniture, etc. He was struck by the fact that since the multiple buildings on which he saw these items were so far away from the actual Towers, and particularly in the position they were in, the only way they could have gotten there were by explosions having sent the objects flying away for many blocks."[22]

All of these facts make is very clear that fires had nothing to do with collapses of these buildings. All of these were brought down by multiple explosions demolishing them & their contents en masse, including well over 2,000 people occupying them. Victims were obliterated into many 100s of pieces in acts of mass murder.

3. Why was Physical Evidence Quickly Discarded?

When airplanes crash, the FAA requires that the evidence from the planes be gathered a reconstruction of the accident is made, to glean knowledge of problems that caused the accident. It is often leads to valuable insights to help avoid future crashes.

When planes crashed into the Towers, when the Towers along with other parts of the WTC subsequently collapsed, and finally when Building 7 of the WTC collapsed hours later, none of the evidence was kept by any government groups. As described in Chapter 1, Kurt Sonnenfeld stated when he went to the WTC destruction site as a FEMA photographer, he was surprised that none of the evidence was being examined or collected. No-one ever asked for this, and efforts were made to quickly get rid of the evidence by sending all the remains to China for them to melt down.

As pointed out on the 9-11 Research site, virtually none of the physical evidence of the massive crimes still exists. This is in spite of the fact that many of pieces of the airplanes were still in the wreckage, as well as the fact that ready analysis of pieces of the building wreckage would shed light on how they fell. The pile of pieces and metal held clue to what happened on 9/11, but they were collected en masse and quickly recycled in China.[23,24]

Several firefighters working on the clean-up undoubtedly found pieces of the airplanes mixed in with the wreckage of the buildings. For example, William Groneman III wrote his personal memoirs about serving as Captain of Engine Company 308 of the Fire Department of New York (FDNY) at the WTC on September 11, 2001. He recalled one piece of debris, that of a license-plate size piece of aluminum with a row of rivets on it, which identified it as a piece of the fuselage of one of the jets. He brought it to the attention of the chief of the post, asking what to do with it. The chief said "Just throw it in the dumpster." Groneman asked him wasn't it needed as evidence. "We know what happened to the planes."[25]

But the fact was, there was much information that was not known, and the workers should have separate places to put all the planes parts found. No directive was ever given out to the people let on Ground Zero as it should have been, and the reason is very clear: there was no interest in altering the story that terrorists ran the planes into the North Tower and the South Tower and, with the fires they created, caused them to fall. FEMA, the 9/11 Commission, and NIST stuck to that story for years to come. The physical evidence to the contrary had been eliminated.

4. How Did the Explosives Get Into the Buildings?

An important question is how bombs could have been placed in the building beforehand.

Ben Fountain is a financial analyst who worked in the WTC South Tower at the time of 9/11. He told People magazine that he was coming out of the subway headed for his office on the 47th floor when it collapsed. He asked "How could they let this happen? They knew this building was a target. Over the past few weeks we'd been evacuated a number of times [for security reasons], which is unusual. I think they had an inkling something was going on."[26]

World Trade Center employees described unusual pre-911 power down for the South Tower, which occurred the weekend before 9/11. Witness Gary Corbett said "There was a complete breakdown of security because of that power down." Witness Scott Forbes, a senior database administrator who was working that weekend, said that, in contrast, in 2004 that they had been notified 3 or 4 weeks in advance by the Port Authority about a power down, ostensibly to increase the computer bandwidth.

Calling the pre-911 power down "extreme and unprecented", Scott Forbes said "To shutdown all of our financial systems, all inter-related and with connections and feeds to many outside vendors and suppliers was a major piece of work. Additionally, the power outage meant that many of the `ordinary' building features were not operating, such as security locks on doors, cameras, lighting, etc." He sent Emails and letters to both the 9/11 Commission and to the Port Authority, but got no responses from either one.[26,27]

These times when security was off would have been a great opportunity to place explosives throughout the building. This security-off time was arranged weeks ahead of time.

Dana Coard, a guard at the North Tower, said the security detail was suddenly lifted on Sept. 6, just before that weekend. Bomb-sniffing dogs were abruptedly removed. The person who would have authorized this was Pres. Bush's brother Marvin, who was director of Securecom. Securacom provided security for the WTC. Marvin was also associated with HCC Insurance Holdings, which insured parts of the WTC.[4,28]

Scott Forbes said that he worked the weekend until Monday morning (September 10th) to get all the computer systems back online. He had Tuesday, September 11th off, and thus watched the World Trade Center towers collapse from home. "I was convinced immediately that something was happening related to the weekend work."[29]

Opportunities were clearly available to install the explosives. The explosions and their results were observed in the Towers by 100s of witnesses, and the huge remains of the results of those explosions were quickly removed from the WTC site. The story promulgated by the NIST Committee that fires caused the collapses are wrong, and the melted metal produced at several places in the site were in fact caused by nan-thermite explosions.

APPENDIX: Letter from Kevin Ryan, Engineer at Underwriter Laboratory, to Frank Gayle of NIST:[12,30]

Dr. Gayle,

Having recently reviewed your team's report of 10/19/04, I felt the need to contact you directly.

As I'm sure you know, the company I work for certified the steel components used in the construction of the WTC buildings. In requesting information from both our CEO and Fire Protection business manager last year, I learned that they did not agree on the essential aspects of the story, except for one thing - that the samples we certified met all requirements. They suggested we all be patient and understand that UL was working with your team, and that tests would continue through this year. I'm aware of UL's attempts to help, including performing tests on models of the floor assemblies. But the results of these tests appear to indicate that the buildings should have easily withstood the thermal stress caused by pools of burning jet fuel.

There continues to be a number of "experts" making public claims about how the WTC buildings fell. One such person, Dr. Hyman Brown from the WTC construction crew, claims that the buildings collapsed due to fires at 2000º F melting the steel (1). He states "What caused the building to collapse is the airplane fuel burning at 2,000° F. The steel in that five-floor area melts." Additionally, the newspaper that quotes him says "Just-released preliminary findings from a National Institute of Standards and Technology study of the World Trade Center collapse support Brown's theory."

We know that the steel components were certified to ASTM E119. The time temperature curves for this standard require the samples to be exposed to temperatures around 2000° F for several hours. And as we all agree, the steel applied met those specifications. Additionally, I think we can all agree that even un-fireproofed steel will not melt until reaching red-hot temperatures of nearly 3000° F (2). Why Dr. Brown would imply that 2000° F would melt the high-grade steel used in those buildings makes no sense at all.

The results of your recently published metallurgical tests seem to clear things up (3), and support your team's August 2003 update as detailed by the Associated Press (4), in which you were ready to "rule out weak steel as a contributing factor in the collapse." The evaluation of paint deformation and spheroidization seem very straightforward, and you noted that the samples available were adequate for the investigation. Your comments suggest that the steel was probably exposed to temperatures of only about 500° F (250° C), which is what one might expect from a thermodynamic analysis of the situation.

However the summary of the new NIST report seems to ignore your findings, as it suggests that these low temperatures caused exposed bits of the building's steel core to "soften and buckle."(5) Additionally this summary states that the perimeter columns softened, yet your findings make clear that "most perimeter panels (157 of 160) saw no temperature above 250° C." To soften steel for the purposes of forging, normally temperatures need to be above 1100° C (6). However, this new summary report suggests that much lower temperatures were be able to not only soften the steel in a matter of minutes, but lead to rapid structural collapse.

This story just does not add up. If steel from those buildings did soften or melt, I'm sure we can all agree that this was certainly not due to jet fuel fires of any kind, let alone the briefly burning fires in those towers. That fact should be of great concern to all Americans. Alternatively, the contention that this steel did fail at temperatures around 250° C suggests that the majority of deaths on 9/11 were due to a safety-related failure. That suggestion should be of great concern to my company.

There is no question that the events of 9/11 are the emotional driving force behind the War on Terror. And the issue of the WTC collapse is at the crux of the story of 9/11. My feeling is that your metallurgical tests are at the crux of the crux of the crux. Either you can make sense of what really happened to those buildings, and communicate this quickly, or we all face the same destruction and despair that come from global decisions based on disinformation and "chatter".

Thanks for your efforts to determine what happened on that day. You may know that there are a number of other current and former government employees that have risked a great deal to help us to know the truth. I've copied one of these people on this message as a sign of respect and support. I believe your work could also be a nucleus of fact around which the truth, and thereby global peace and justice, can grow again. Please do what you can to quickly eliminate the confusion regarding the ability of jet fuel fires to soften or melt structural steel.

(1) http://www.boulderweekly.com/archive/102104/coverstory.html 
(2) CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 61st edition, pg D-187 
(3) http://wtc.nist.gov/media/P3MechanicalandMetAnalysisofSteel.pdf 
(4) http://www.voicesofsept11.org/archive/911ic/082703.php 
(5) http://wtc.nist.gov/media/NCSTACWTCStatusFINAL101904WEB2.pdf (pg 11) 
(6) http://www.forging.org/FIERF/pdf/ffaaMacSleyne.pdf

Kevin Ryan, Site Manager
Environmental Health Laboratories, South Bend, IN
A Division of Underwriters Laboratories 


[1] C Grabbe, National Swindle of the WTC, an E-book online at http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00D5ZHWBW .

[2] Jim Dwyer, "Vast Archive Yields New View of 9/11," New York Times, August 13, 2005 with oral histories available at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/13/nyregion/nyregionspecial3 /vast-archive-yields-new-view-of-911.html

[3] David Griffin, "Explosive Testimony: Revelations about the Twin Towers in the 911 Oral Histories," at http://www.911truth.org/article.php?story=20060118104223192

[4] "Hidden Secrets about 911 World Trade Center Attack 2001" video by Loose Change online at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCuPnepWD6Q

[5] "Saving Grace" People 9/24/01, online at http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20135395,00.html .

[6] "NY firefighters reached ST crash zone," The Guardian August 4, 2002, posted online at http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2002/aug/05/september11.usa.

[7] NIST Investigation Committee, Final Report on the Collapse of the World Trade Center Towers, 2005, online at http://www.nist.gov/el/disasterstudies/wtc/wtc_finalreports.cfm

[8] Graeme MacQueen, "118 Witnesses: The Firefighters' Testimony to Explosions in the Twin Towers," Journal of 911 Studies, #2, August, 2006, online at http://www.journalof911studies.com/articles/Article_5_118Witnesses_ WorldTradeCenter.pdf

[9] "9/11 demolition proof of explosives and thermite charges on twin towers," video posted online at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SOWWSjol6Ps .

[10] Gail Swanson with Dennis Fisin (editor), Behind the Scenes: Ground Zero "World Trade Center September 11. 2001" (2003, TRAC team, New York). available online at http://www.amazon.com/Behind-Scenes-Ground-Center-September/dp/B000E3WXH6

[11] Tony Szambotti & Graeme MacQueen, "The Missing Jolt: A Simple Refutation of the NIST-Bazant Collapse Hypothesis," Journal of 911 Studies, January, 2009, online at http://www.journalof911studies.com/volume/2008/TheMissingJolt7.pdf

[12] "UL Executive Speaks Out on WTC Study," 911Truth.org 11/12/2004, online at: http://www.911truth.org/article.php?story=20041112144051451

[13] "Kevin R. Ryan Terminated at Underwriters Laboratories," South Bend Tribune , 11/22/2004, online at: http://www.mindfully.org/Reform/2004/Kevin-R-Ryan22nov04.htm

[14] Kevin Ryan, "A New Standard for Deception: The NIST WTC Report," lecture on June 4, 2006 in 9-11 Truth Conference: Revealing the Truth, Reclaiming our Future Conference at Chicago, IL, posted online at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuGI82tOhEI

[15] "John Skilling: Architects' Engineer Plans the Biggest," Engineering News-Record April 2, 1964

[16] Christopher Bollyn, "New Seismic Data Refutes Official WTC Explanation," Rense.com posted online 9/5/2012 at http://rense.com/general28/ioff.htm .

[17] Dr. Andre Roussea, "Were Explosives the Source of the Seismic Signals Emitted from New York on September 11, 2001," Journal of 911 Studies, 34, November, 2012, linked from http://Journalof911Studies.com/resources/RousseauVol34November2012.pdf .

[18] "Danish scientist Niels Harrit, on nano-thermite in the WTC dust," April 10, 2009 video posted online at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8_tf25lx_3o

[19] Kevin R Ryan, "The Top 10 Connections between NIST and Nano-thermites," July, 2008, online at http://911review.com/articles/ryan/nist_thermite_connection.html

[20] "North Tower Exploding" Noah K. Murray photos posted online at http://911research.wtc7.net/wtc/evidence/photos/wtc1exp21.html

[21] Frank Morales, "Ground Zero," posted online at http://www.ratical.org/ratville/JFK/JohnJudge/linkscopy/Ground0Rpt.html

[22] Personal communication with Dr. Ralph Speken in New York City.

[23] 9-11 Research, "Destroyed WTC Evidence," posted online at http://911research.wtc7.net/wtc/evidence/destroyed.html

[24] "Baosteel Will Recycle World Trade Center Debris," posted online on 1/4/2002 at http://www.china.org.cn/english/2002/Jan/25776.htm

[25] William Groneman III, September 11: A Memoir (Goldsmith Publishing, Hendersonville, TN, 2011), available online at http://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/September-11-A-Memoir-William-Groneman-III-/ 162089741346

[26] "Hell on Earth in New York City," People 56, #13, September 24, 2001, posted online at: http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20135392,00.html

[27] Gary Corbett, "World Trade Center Employee Discusses pre-911 Power Downs," video 9/15/2010, placed online at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZtMlJDXu-Y

[28] "9/11/01: Heightened Security Alert Had Just Been Lifted," Newsday.com Sept 11, 2001, online at: http://www.newsday.com/news/9-11-01-heightened- security-alert-had-just-been-lifted-1.790662

[29] Victor Thorn, "Pre-9/11 World Trade Center Power-Down," posted online by Natural-Solutons Radio on 5/7/2004 at http://naturalsolutionsradio.com/blog/natural-solutions-radio/ pre-911-world-trade-center-power-down

[30] Kevin Ryan, "The Collapse of the World Trade Center" posted online at: http://www.septembereleventh.org/newsarchive/2004-11-11-ryan.php


explosions = very rapid chemical events happening typically in microseconds which create extremely high pressures in the immediate environment.

nano-thermite = Fuel created by a mixture of aluminum (Al) and iron oxide (FeO2) grained at an extremely fine level of nanometers (billionths of a meter), a process only available after around 1990. The fuel is set off at temperatures much lower than thermite is set off -- typically at a little over 400°C. The chemical reactions strips the oxygen off of the Fe and attaches it to Al, explosively producing temperatures of around 3000°F or more.

seismic movement = geologic movement, such as in earthquakes

About the Author
Crockett Lane Grabbe

Dr. Grabbe is an experienced research scientist, writer, and speaker. He earned a Ph.D. in applied physics from Caltech in 1978, after completing his B.S. and Master's degrees at the University of Texas in Austin. He has been honorarily profiled multiple times as a scientist in Who's Who in Science and Engineering, and profiled multiple times as a writer in Writer's Directory, and Contemporary Authors. He is a member of National Speakers Association (NSA), American Physical Society (APS), Institute for Electrical & Electronic Engineers (IEEE), the Writer's League of Texas (WLT) and (through honorary election in 1978) the International Union of Radio Science (URSI).

Dr. Grabbe has written for 14 published books & published well over 100 papers. The most recent books he wrote include How the WTC Was REALLY Demolished on 9/11: Image-rich Analysis (2015) and Anatomy of Mass Murders: Expanded Edition from which this article was extracted. Both books are available for purchase online, and, along with several interviews of Dr. Grabbe on his writings which are also available online, linked out of the website http://SeaLane.org.